Even today the Sthapathis or the Sculptors are carrying on the Lost Wax Technique for casting these sculptures. The technique involves moulding the figures with intricate details using beeswax and oil, the figure is then coated with clay and baked using dried cow dung. The wax flows out leaving an empty mould, into which molten bronze is poured. Once it cools and hardens, the finer details are added.
We were lucky enough to meet a great award winning 15th generation Sthapathi- Karunanithi Sthapathi.